What is FGM?

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a harmful traditional practice involving the cutting or removal of the external female genitalia. It predates all religions and is performed on girls from birth, up to just before marriage, and sometimes beyond.
FGM is recognised internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children.​

Who is at risk?

More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM annually. More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated. The practice is most common in the Western, Eastern, and North-Eastern regions of Africa, in some countries the Middle East and Asia, as well as among migrants from these areas. FGM is therefore a global concern.

For more information on FGM, please click here.

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Over 200 million women and girls are affected by FGM around the world​