SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
According to World Health Organisation – Female genital mutilation (FGM) can cause a variety of health problems, including severe bleeding, infections, pain, and complications during childbirth.
In some cases, FGM can also lead to death, particularly in the case of infants who are subjected to the practice shortly after birth. The practice of FGM is widely recognized as a violation of human rights and efforts are being made to eradicate it globally.
There is limited research on deaths related to female genital mutilation (FGM) specifically in babies. FGM is typically performed on girls before or during puberty, and while it can lead to serious health complications, it is unlikely to cause immediate death. However, in some cases, complications from FGM can contribute to infant mortality rates in regions where the practice is prevalent. Additionally, FGM can cause complications during childbirth, which can increase the risk of death for both the mother and baby. FGM is a human rights violation that can have serious physical and psychological consequences for those who undergo the procedure.
BMJ Global Health, states there is evidence that suggests that female genital mutilation (FGM) can increase the risk of adverse outcomes during childbirth, including an increased likelihood of stillbirth and neonatal death, as well as an increased risk of complications such as obstetric fistula.
Additionally, FGM can lead to difficulty during labor and delivery, which can cause brain damage to the baby due to lack of oxygen. It is important for individuals and communities to understand the potential health risks associated with FGM and to work towards ending the practice.